The Worst Cyberattacks In History – Continued

1. Stuxnet:

This is probably the most publicized Malware attacks of all time.  What was unique about this Cyberattack is that its main objective was to greatly curtail the nuclear weapon development program of Iran.  This was achieved by deploying Stuxnet into the controllers that powered the uranium-enrichment centrifuges and setting them at a spin level that was way too high, and as a result, they were completely destroyed.  But this Malware also spread itself very quickly onto unintentional targets on a global basis, even onto computers that were connected to a WAN or a LAN.  For more information about Stuxnet, click on this link.

2. Dark Hotel:

What is unique about this specific piece of Malware is that was designed to be launched at just one exclusive target:  The Wi-Fi networks of the hotel and hospitality industry.  When the staff members at various leading hotels worldwide logged into their corporate Wi-Fi___33 network, they were prompted to download a major update for a software application that was associated with the network.  But instead, they downloaded a nefarious piece of Spyware which has termed the “Dark Hotel”.  The objective of this major Cyberattack was to log and record the keystroke patterns of these employees, and from there, covertly hijack all of the passwords that were possible.  Once this was achieved, major Phishing attacks were then launched towards the same employees.  More detailed information about this Spyware can be found at this link.

3. Mirai:

This is a Botnet type of Cyberattack [a Botnet can be technically defined as a “collection of         compromised computers running malicious programs that are controlled remotely by a cybercriminals.” (SOURCE🙂 that targeted those devices in which Security was totally ignored, and were a critical aspect of the Internet of Things (IoT).  These devices then infected other similar ones, until the Botnet grew to a huge magnitude in size.  Then on October 21st,2016 this threat vector was launched towards digital video cameras, IP cameras, and other associated recording tools that made use of the DNS service provider known as “Dyn”.  In the end, Dyn could not withstand this kind of Cyberattack, and as a result, those online services based in the United States that were dependent upon its functionality were rendered totally useless.  This included PayPal, Twitter, Netflix, PlayStation, and Spotify.  Fortunately, these services were repaired and came back online again, but made people rethink just how insecure the IoT really is. More information about Mirai (which is actually a Japanese term that means “future”) can be seen here.

 

Conclusions

Overall, these blogs have reviewed the five most notorious Cyberattacks of all times. Will the new threat vectors that emerge in 2020 be added to this list or even replace some of the existing ones? Only time will tell.